Finance illustration Finance theory

Budgeting

A budget is a plan, which is set out in numbers. It sets out figures that an organisation like a company hopes to achieve in the future. For example, a company like Kraft will create budgets for:

Budgeted sales

Budgeted production figures

Budgeted costs, etc.

Here is a sales, costs and profits budget for the supply of chocolate eggs in the six months leading up to Easter:


Note that the actual figures achieved by the company may be different from the budgeted ones. For example sales figures may be £20,000 because demand is less than expected. However, costs may be the same because the firm may have already produced £12,500 worth of eggs to sell. If that were the case then actual profit would only be £7,500, which would be really short of the budgeted figures.

A budget is a plan for the future set out in numbers dealing with quantities such as sales, costs and production.


Supporting Documents

These downloads will help to put finance theory into context using real world examples from real businesses.

Entering a new market with a new product
Experian logo

Find out how Experian applied finance theory to prosper in the financial services industry by downloading our premium case study.

Live, breathe and wear passion
Diesel logo

Discover how Diesel used finance theory to thrive in the fashion industry by downloading our premium case study.

Creating a winning marketing mix
JD Sports logo

Find out how JD Sports used finance theory to prosper in the retail industry by downloading our premium case study.

Sponsorship as part of the marketing mix
Ford logo

Find out how Ford applied finance theory to succeed in the automotive industry by downloading our premium case study.

The use of social media in promotion
National Trust logo

Discover how National Trust used finance theory to prosper in the non-profit industry by downloading our premium case study.