Finance illustration Finance theory

Company accounts and interpretation

Business accounts are produced to meet the needs of their users. Typical users and the use they make of accounts is shown below:

Shareholders

To check on quality of direction of company, as well as profitability, solvency, value of company and other signs of health.

Employees

To check on job security and scope for wage and benefit increases.

Suppliers

To check that a company is generating the cash to be able to pay up.

Inland Revenue

For calculations of Corporation tax.

There are three main financial statements that are produced by company accountants. These are:

1. The Balance Sheet setting out the financial position of the company at a particular moment in time e.g. the year end.

2. The Profit and Loss Account showing how the profit or loss of the business has been generated.

3. A cash flow statement setting out the cash inflows and outflows to the business during a particular period of time.

Supporting Documents

These downloads will help to put finance theory into context using real world examples from real businesses.

The use of the marketing mix in product launch
NIVEA  logo

Find out how NIVEA used finance theory to succeed in the manufacturing industry by downloading our premium case study.

Creating the right marketing mix
Motorola logo

Learn how Motorola used finance theory to succeed in the telecommunications industry by downloading our premium case study.

Sponsorship as part of the marketing mix
Ford logo

Learn how Ford used finance theory to thrive in the automotive industry by downloading our premium case study.

Protecting the marketing mix through intellectual property rights
Intellectual Property Office logo

Discover how Intellectual Property Office employed finance theory to prosper in the public sector industry by downloading our premium case study.

Meeting customers' needs
Travis Perkins logo

Find out how Travis Perkins used finance theory to succeed in the construction industry by downloading our premium case study.

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