Finance illustration Finance theory

Company accounts and interpretation

Business accounts are produced to meet the needs of their users. Typical users and the use they make of accounts is shown below:

Shareholders

To check on quality of direction of company, as well as profitability, solvency, value of company and other signs of health.

Employees

To check on job security and scope for wage and benefit increases.

Suppliers

To check that a company is generating the cash to be able to pay up.

Inland Revenue

For calculations of Corporation tax.

There are three main financial statements that are produced by company accountants. These are:

1. The Balance Sheet setting out the financial position of the company at a particular moment in time e.g. the year end.

2. The Profit and Loss Account showing how the profit or loss of the business has been generated.

3. A cash flow statement setting out the cash inflows and outflows to the business during a particular period of time.

Supporting Documents

These downloads will help to put finance theory into context using real world examples from real businesses.

Using the marketing mix in the fashion industry
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Find out how Ben Sherman used finance theory to thrive in the fashion industry by downloading our premium case study.

Protecting the marketing mix through intellectual property rights
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Find out how Intellectual Property Office applied finance theory to succeed in the public sector industry by downloading our premium case study.

Innovation in infant nutrition
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Learn how Cow & Gate used finance theory to prosper in the food & drink industry by downloading our premium case study.

Creating the right marketing mix
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Learn how Motorola employed finance theory to prosper in the telecommunications industry by downloading our premium case study.

The use of social media in promotion
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Discover how National Trust applied finance theory to prosper in the non-profit industry by downloading our premium case study.

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