People illustration People theory

Business communications

Communication is the passing on of ideas and information. In business we need good, clear communication. The contact may be between people, organisations or places and can be in a number of forms, such as speech, writing, actions and gestures. Organisations need to be structured in such a way as to maximise the benefits of communication processes. This is why team structures are so useful because they open up a multi-flow channel of communications.

Up until the 1980's many large firms in America and Western Europe were characterised by top-down communications systems:

  • Senior manager
  • Junior manager
  • Supervisor
  • Line employee

Communication flowed down the line i.e. instructions were passed down the line. Individuals at the bottom end of the system had little scope for decision making.

However, modern communication systems stress the importance of empowerment, and multi-flow communications. There are a range of media for flows of communication in a modern organisation including:

  • team briefings
  • team discussions
  • meetings
  • informal talk
  • e-mail
  • discussion boards, etc.

Large organisations like Corus and Travis Perkins recognise the importance of multi-channel communications and have therefore created team working structures. Teams are organised into multi-disciplinary groups in order to draw on a range of expertise. The teams are encouraged to make decisions rather than to wait for commands from above.

Formal communications are those that involve the officially recognised communication channels within an organisation. Informal communication involves other forms of interactions between organisational members.

Good communication is an important person to person skill in an organisation. Employees are most likely to be well motivated and to work hard for organisations where there are well organised multi-directional communication flows. Communication flows in a number of directions:

Downward communication

involves the passing of commands from higher levels in a hierarchy to lower levels. This is sometimes referred to as top-down communication.

Upward communication

involves the feedback of ideas from lower down in the organisation to higher levels. This sort of communication flow is important in the consultation of employees, and enables managers to draw on good ideas from those working at grassroots levels in an organisation.

Sideways communication

involves the exchange of ideas and information between those at the same level in an organisation e.g. between the various functions.

Multi-channel communication

involves a range of flows of information. Information and Communications technology and the resultant networking systems enable effective multi-channel communication.

There are all sorts of ways of organising effective communications between members of an organisation:

  • Team briefings - enable team leaders and managers to communicate and consult with their staff. Team briefings may take place on a daily basis or less frequently.
  • Formal meetings - enable a more formalised approach to communication.
  • Face-to-face communications - enable a free and frank exchange of ideas.

Team working

There are many other ways of communicating such as e-mail, electronic noticeboards, physical noticeboards, newsletters, phone, fax, videoconferencing etc.

The type of communication channel used needs to be appropriate to the message being conveyed. For example, if an exchange of ideas is required some sort of face-to-face meeting will be most appropriate. The communication of information can be done by newsletter, or notice board. Team working encourages a range of different types of communication and can lead to high levels of motivation.

Supporting Documents

These downloads will help to put people theory into context using real world examples from real businesses.

Re-focussing a company's culture and marketing mix
Argos logo

Discover how Argos employed people theory to thrive in the retail industry by downloading our premium case study.

The marketing mix in the food industry
McCain Foods logo

Find out how McCain Foods applied people theory to thrive in the food & drink industry by downloading our premium case study.

Protecting the marketing mix through intellectual property rights
Intellectual Property Office logo

Learn how Intellectual Property Office employed people theory to succeed in the public sector industry by downloading our premium case study.

Leading a revolution in banking
Intelligent finance logo

Discover how Intelligent finance used people theory to thrive in the financial services industry by downloading our premium case study.

Positioning the brand
Chap Stick logo

Learn how Chap Stick applied people theory to thrive in the healthcare industry by downloading our premium case study.

Newsletter

Subscribe to our newsletter for current business news including lesson plans and activity ideas.

Share this website