Page 2: Taylor
Frederick Taylor was associated with what has become known as 'scientific management'. Taylor believed that monetary reward was an important motivating factor. Pay could simply be used to increase rates of output. Taylor’s view of motivation applies to people who tend to work within narrow job confines such as on a production line. These are people who can be paid according to the amount of work that they do or units they produce. This is known as 'piece work'.
For many people pay is still a prime motivator. For example, within Kellogg's many employees are motivated by cash alternatives which include the opportunity to buy and sell their holiday days.
Taylor's theory breaks down jobs into components or specialist tasks through the division of labour. This especially applies to production processes within large companies like Kellogg's. These rewards can help to increase productivity and profitability. The danger with this is that individuals are simply focused on output to get rewards so quality might suffer as a result of employees rushing to do the job.
Limitations of scientific management
Scientific management is not a process that allows development of people. It limits their ability to take ownership of what they do. Kellogg's staff are encouraged to be creative and use their imagination to contribute towards change. Consequently, Taylor's view of monetary reward for output is not appropriate for the motivation required for this type of workplace.