Page 3: Functions of an organisation
The range of roles and departments within the industry and within individual organisations means that they must be divided into specialised functions in order to work effectively. There are several ways of doing this. For example, if the company is national or international it may be divided geographically, national companies may then be split by region whilst international companies may be split by continent.
Some organisations within the industry divide the company by processes, such as exploration, production and refining. However most organisations use a combination of factors to divide the company up to ensure maximum efficiency.
The range of functions and associated areas are varied, yet some are common to companies across the sector:
- Technical – includes a range of engineering disciplines, as well as geoscientists and designers
- Science – monitoring the environment, locating reservoirs and appraising wells
- Health & safety – ensures the working environment is safe for employees in both the office and offshore environments
- Commercial – includes marketing, logistics, accounts and law
- Human resources – responsible for employees training and welfare.
There are a variety of routes into the industry. These include apprenticeships, university and college as well as from other trades and professions. For example, OPITO run a highly successful Technician Training Scheme. The scheme trains apprentices in electrical, mechanical, process and instrument & control disciplines commonly used across the industry. As part of the four-year scheme an apprentice trains for two years at college before gaining two years of practical experience. Apprenticeships allow trainees to earn throughout their training while gaining relevant qualifications and experience in their chosen field.