Supporting agriculture to create sustainable development
A BCCCA case study

Page 1: Introduction

Stretching from Cape Town in South Africa, across the Sahara Desert, to the Mediterranean Sea in the north, Africa is the world's second largest continent. It is rich in natural resources such as oil and gold, and enjoys many different climates that support the growth of crops as diverse as cereals in the savannah lands to cocoa in the tropical rainforest zones. Despite all this natural wealth...
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Page 2: Economic development

In LDCs where industry is relatively underdeveloped, agriculture is very important to the economy as a whole. It is described as an engine of economic development. When crops fail, the entire country is affected, but when the agricultural sector does well it: provides food for local communities and crops for export improves incomes for farmers and their workers stimulates local economic...
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Page 3: Sustainability and sustainable agriculture

'Sustainable development meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs' (The Brundtland Report). A sustainable agricultural sector is one that can be maintained without exhausting natural resources. There are three important elements of sustainable development: economic, environmental and social. These are often called the...
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Page 4: Sustainable cocoa supply chain

Cocoa, an essential ingredient of chocolate, is a major export crop for several West African countries. The world's two largest producers of cocoa are the Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana. It is estimated that more than one million smallholder farmers in these countries are growing cocoa, to support their rural livelihoods and contribute to their respective national economies. Small farmers in West...
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Page 5: Conclusion

Cocoa is an important export crop for a number of West African countries and will remain so. It has an important role to play in employment, farmers' incomes and export revenue generation. To take full advantage of these opportunities however, farmers need help to develop more efficient and sustainable ways of growing cocoa (and other crops too). The cocoa and chocolate industry is actively...
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Related: BCCCA
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