Factors affecting organisational structure
A Forestry Commission case study

Page 1: Introduction

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The Forestry Commission has a huge responsibility. It cares for 827,000 hectares of sustainably-managed woods and forests and plants more than 17 million trees a year. Its mission is: 'to protect and expand Britain”s forests and woodlands and increase their value to society and the environment.' The Forestry Commission is a government department which employs over 3,000 workers across...
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Page 2: Organisational structure

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Organisational structure refers to the way that roles are organised within a firm. The structure is often represented in a diagram called an organisation chart. Many organisations are typically set up in a hierarchical structure. This is where workers are divided into management layers, with those in the top levels having greater authority than those in lower levels. Instructions are passed down...
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Page 3: Roles within the organisation

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An organisational chart shows the pattern of relationships between the different workers in a firm. How these different roles interact will depend on the aims, objectives or culture of the organisation. The Forestry Commission is an organisation that values people. Individual members of staff are given a lot of responsibility and are encouraged to make decisions themselves where...
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Page 4: Flat organisation structures

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Some hierarchies have many layers within them. This often leads to a narrow span of control. This means that each manager is responsible for only a small number of people. These tall organisations allow for tighter control and supervision but may stifle motivation or the creativity of workers. This sort of structure does not fit with the work carried out at the Forestry Commission. The Forestry...
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Page 5: Factors affecting structure

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Organisations like the Forestry Commission need to identify the best structures to enable them to meet their objectives. They must also be able to respond quickly to both internal and external factors affecting their work. Much of the work of the Forestry Commission involves project work. Examples of projects include: educational projects to inform children about the importance of...
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Page 6: Conclusion

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The Forestry Commission's goal is to ensure that Britain”s forests contribute positively to protecting the environment. It does this while sustaining this great resource for the future. To achieve this, the Forestry Commission combines both a centralised structure for Britain-wide decision-making and a decentralised structure for the management of local forests and woodland resources...
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