External environment

Business Cycle

Planning and the business cycle

Land Securities is the UK's leading property company. It is quoted on the London Stock Exchange and...

Decision making across the business cycle

CIMA, the Chartered Institute of Management Accountants, is the world’s leading body for management accountants. Management accountants...

Managing firms throughout the business cycle

The first decade of the 21st century has been a rollercoaster ride for economic activity. Business confidence...

Providing support through the stages of the business cycle

Everybody faces a degree of uncertainty within his or her daily lives. No matter how well people...

Business Environment

Competing in a highly regulated environment

Most UK citizens are familiar with the National Lottery and its potential for making millionaires of people...

Packaging and sustainable development

Most companies that manufacture or use packaging accept that they need to produce and use it in...

The value of Responding to a changing market

There is little doubt that energy is central to our lives. Indeed, it is impossible to imagine...

Focus on convenience trading

In the closing decade of the 20th century, the UK retailing industry has witnessed massive change mainly...

Consumer Protection

Meeting and exceeding consumer protection laws to drive competitive...

DSGi is the leading European specialist retailer of consumer electronics. In the UK the Group includes the...

Championing competition

An Office of Fair Trading case studyWe live in an economic system that is generally good at...

Corporate Responsibility

Sustainable development in the construction industry

The immense pressure on the world's environment means that measures must be taken today to safeguard natural...

Nutrition, Health & Wellness – New Product Development at...

Businesses operate in markets that are constantly changing. Consumer tastes and expectations are always on the move....

Promoting sustainable development

Suppose that every person in the world were to demand goods and services in the same quantities...

Socially responsible investment

In the business world, ‘investment’ has two separate but related meanings. For many producers, ‘investment’ means spending...

Economy

Steering the economy

In providing an overview of the workings of the economy, this case study focuses on the key...

The knowledge-driven economy

This case study focuses upon the findings of the Department of Trade and Industry which illustrate how...

Using technology to improve economies

Vodafone is a leading international mobile communications company with interests in 27 countries and partnership agreements with...

Ethics

Implementing codes of conduct

All organisations have a responsibility to their stakeholders. These are individuals and groups who have a stake...

Business principles in action nutritional labelling

Consumers have higher expectations than ever before. They want products to match these expectations. They also want...

Ethical business practices

The importance of ethics in businessEthics concern an individual's moral judgements about right and wrong. Decisions taken...

The launch of a new trust

All organisations must serve the needs of their customers. These needs change over time, making it necessary...

External Influences

How Lloyds responds to changes in the business environment

A brief history of Lloyd's -covering risksEconomic prosperity in England during the second half of the 17th...

Tackling the shortage of building land

All business organisations operate within an external environment of change. The success of each business very much...

Using PESTEL to design effective strategies

When people think of rail travel they think of trains. They do not think about the infrastructure...

How McCain responds to changes in the external environment

Businesses have a number of objectives. Typical examples include:winning the biggest share of the total marketincreasing salessatisfying...

Globalisation

Meeting global and local needs

Siemens AG is a global electrical and electronics business with a turnover of £53 billion. The business...

Government Influence

Water as a precious asset

We all have different needs. If you were asked what they were you might talk about the...

Creating a supportive business environment for SMEs

In the past there was always a belief that large corporations with the ability to develop mass-production...

Working for free trade

Businesses and consumers in the UK are buying and selling goods and services in ever more diverse...

Matching taxation principles with environmental policies

With the discovery of a previously unknown planet, one of the first things we would want to...