Remuneration (pay), incentives (such as bonus payments) and job satisfaction are all important in creating motivation at work.
Remuneration and incentives
The sum paid for a normal working week is referred to as a 'basic' wage or salary. Many employees receive other benefits in addition to their basic wage.
is a set rate of weekly or monthly pay, based on a set number of hours.
Involves workers receiving a set rate per hour. Any hours worked above a set number are paid an 'overtime rate'.
Is a system used sometimes in the textiles industry where employees are paid according to the number of units of output they produce.
Are incentives designed to encourage extra effort. Bonuses may also be used as an incentive to workers at times when they might be inclined to slacken, e.g. just before Christmas and the summer holidays.
Is a payment made as a percentage of the sales a salesperson has made.
Pay involves pay being tied to company profits to encourage hard work.
Performance related pay
Is tied to the achievement of performance targets including levels of output and other key results areas.
There are a number of possible ways of motivating workers apart from pay. These usually involve an increase in one of the following:
- the variety of work
- sense of working as a team.
Job enrichment involves giving employees an increase in responsibility and/or recognition. The aim of job enrichment is to make employees feel that their contribution has been upgraded so that it is more highly appreciated. Ways of doing this vary from an employee being given a new title, to an extension of the perks associated with a particular job.Job enlargement involves giving employees a greater range of responsibilities. An employee who feels that a job is going 'stale' and as a result is losing interest in it may feel refreshed when asked to take on additional tasks.