Encouraging innovation through intellectual property rights
A Patent Office case study

Page 1: Introduction

In a rapidly changing competitive environment knowledge has become the basis for organisations to develop advantages. When individuals create new products or processes they need protection from competitors so that they gain the most benefits from their ideas. The UK Patent Office provides enterprising people with reassurance and support for their ideas and inventions. This framework of...
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Page 2: Intellectual property

Intellectual property rights refer to all types of protection such as patents, registered designs and design right, registered trade marks and copyright. A patent is a monopoly right to the exclusive use of an invention. This could be a new product or process, for example, Hovis patented a new method of milling to preserve the wheat germ in its bread. In the UK a patent lasts for a maximum...
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Page 3: Obtaining a patent file application

The process of obtaining a patent file application covers several stages over a period of time. Within 12 months, a file search request and one or more claims must be submitted. The claim must state the exact nature of the monopoly that the patent, if granted, will protect. At this point a search will be carried out by the Patent Office to establish: Is the invention new? It must not have been...
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Page 4: Supporting Business

The Patent Office, including the Trade Marks and Designs Registries, fosters industry and commerce within a secure and disciplined framework. Growth in these areas is dependent upon the creativity of the inventor, the investment necessary to develop and establish new ideas, plus the ability to market them effectively. Intellectual property rights play an important part in bringing these various...
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Page 5: An intellectual property case study - Ted Prosser

Many inventions occur by accident. Ted Prosser, whilst decorating a house, fell off a plank, and dragged his fingers through a solution that he was working with. When he looked up he noticed a limed oak wood effect had been created on the wall.He wondered whether he could reproduce it as a quick and easy method to create a wood effect for the Do-It-Yourself market. This led him to approach the...
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Page 6: Conclusion

The Patent Office is responsible for the establishment and maintenance of the national framework of intellectual property rights. It also represents the United Kingdom’s interests in the development of international intellectual property rights systems.The main objectives of the Patent Office are to: grant intellectual property rights • promote and supervise moves to modernise and...
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